Facts about succulents that you need to know. In this post, I will share with you some interesting facts about these plants that could potentially help you grow your own succulents successfully.
Succulent plants have thick, fleshy and engorged leaves being used to retain water in arid climates or soil conditions. The word “succulent” emanates from the Latin term sucus, which means juice, or sap. Succulent plants may store water in varied structures, such as leaves and stems.
Succulents are usually considered as decorative plants because of their pleasing and strange look, as well as their ability to thrive in relatively less care.
Plant families such as Aizoaceae, Cactaceae, and Crassulaceae, most species are succulents. The habitats of these water preserving plants are in areas with high temperatures and low rain. This is the reason why there are more succulents in semi-desert places in the world than in cold geographical locations.
Succulents can thrive in limited water sources, such as mist and dew, that makes them able to survive.
The horticultural uses the term succulent regularly that excludes cacti. For example, Jacobsen’s three-volume book of facts about Succulent Plants does not cowl cacti.
However, in botanical nomenclature, cacti are succulents. Horticulturists may additionally exclude different teams of plants, e.g., bromeliads. In a practical but unscientific horticultural definition “succulent plant is any desert plant that a succulent plant collector desires to grow.”
A further issue is that plants don’t seem to be either succulent or non-succulent. In many genera and families, there is a continual gradation from plants with skinny leaves and traditional stems to those with terribly clearly thickened and fleshy leaves or stems. So deciding what’s a succulent is commonly a subjective arbitrary process. Different sources could classify the same species in different ways.
Other than semi-desert areas, succulents can also be found in other places of the world especially in tropical locations. Although it is usually thought that almost all succulents come from dry areas like steppes, semi-desert, and desert, succulents can thrive virtually anywhere.
However, harsh environmental conditions could negatively affect the life of succulents. Extremely low or high temperatures, for instance, could potentially kill succulent plants. Even then, succulents are more resilient than other plants. They can survive in neglect and less care.
Succulents may often have considered as epiphytes, growing on other plants with restricted or no contact with the ground, and are dependent on their ability to store water and gain nutrients from other plants they attach to.
Potted succulents are capable to grow in most indoor environments with minimum care. They can also healthily grow in outdoors.
Succulents are favored as houseplants for their attractiveness and simple care. If properly potted, succulents require very little maintenance to survive indoors. Succulents are indeed pliable houseplants and can thrive in an indoor condition.
For most plant owners, over-watering and infections are the main causes of death in succulents. Infections can be caused by terminates, fungi, and other micro intruders. Fortunately, there are simple and easy ways you can implement to prevent or fix the problem.
I have written an article dedicated exactly how to fight fungal infections in succulent plants. If you are interested, you can read this article here.
Succulents can be propagated in completely different ways. The most common is vegetative propagation; this includes using cuttings to propagate succulent plants.
Related Article: How to Propagate Succulents with Honey?
A second method is a division consisting of uprooting AN overgrown clump and pull the stems and roots apart.
A third method is a propagation using leaf by permitting the formation of a callus on the lead stem end. Using this technique, a bottom leaf is fully removed from the plant typically by twisting or cutting. The leaf then dries out and a callus forms preventing the leaf from absorbing too much moisture that could cause rotting or decay.
The latter method generally takes up to a few weeks to provide healthy roots which will eventually produce new plants.
Now, you might have enlightened a little bit about the very nature of succulent plants. But there are other things you might not know about these plants. Let’s further know succulents.
Quick Interesting Facts About Succulents
Succulents typically have sap-filled leaves that offer the plants with nourishment. The sap or juice within the leaves allows the succulents to survive in minimal care. They will use those stored water during the dry season which will make them resilient in harsh conditions.
You may consider succulents as one family, but the truth is that there are about sixty different families of succulents.
Succulents have different kinds of colors and textures. Of course, shades of green are the most common. Other colors include pink, blue, purple, yellow, red, and orange in the leaves and also the blooms.
You can propagate succulents from cuttings and leaves. This makes succulents unique plants. It does not need plenty of effort on your half to begin the new plant, simply place the cutting on paper towel or even on top of the fast-draining soil. Once the roots begin to form, you can place the little plant in soil and provides it a small amount of water.
Most succulents do not have plenty of issues with pests which makes succulents some of the best plants to have.
Many succulents will survive living in cold climates as well as hot ones, which suggests that they’ll grow in virtually all types of environments.
The chalky substance that can be found on the leaves of those plants is meant to safeguard the plant from the extreme sunlight. This same substance also helps shield the plants from pests and diseases that might affect different plants in your garden.
Lastly, although succulents are native to semi-desert areas, they can not tolerate scourging direct sunlight. They need shade especially the soft succulents.
Succulents are cute plants full of mysteries. Unlike other plants, succulents could survive in neglect. As long as they get what they need, they could survive.
It is important to remember though that succulents have certain needs. For instance, they need less amount of water. Too much exposure to moisture could cause rotting.
So if you are growing succulents, make sure that you provide just the right amount of water, moisture, and sunlight.
What country do succulents come from? Succulents are native to Africa, Central America, the European Alps, South America, and South Africa.