Succulents are without a doubt would spice up a garden. They add flair and color to make the garden more enticing. Humans are not the only ones drawn by the succulents’ vibrant colors and unusual features but dogs.
Unfortunately, not all succulents are safe for dogs. There are succulent species that are poisonous or lethal to dogs. You don’t want your dog to go near those succulents.
Which succulents are poisonous to dogs?
There are few succulents that are poisonous to dogs. Below are some of them:
1. Aloe Vera and/or True Aloe
Aloe Vera has dominated the beauty/skincare world for the past few years because of its benefits to the skin. That’s why a lot of people opted to plant it in their garden. But this succulent has properties that are harmful to dogs, the anthraquinones and saponins.
When dogs ingest aloe vera, it can cause abdominal pain, lethargy, nausea, tremors, vomiting, and skin irritation. On the other hand, glycosides, anthraquinones, and anthracene are found in true aloe which makes the dog to vomit and change the color of their urine into red.
2. Snake Plant (Sansevieria Trifasciata)
Snake plant is another famous succulent variety. This plant could thrive even when neglected. It could also grow in low-light making it suitable plant for indoor. Snake plant is also known as Mother-in-Law plant has wide leaves (sometimes curly).
But with all its beauty lies the hidden poison that could harm dogs. This succulent contains saponin a substance that if ingested by a dog, it could cause vomiting, nausea, and diarrhea.
Euphorbias are considered as one of the most unusual and weird-looking succulents but they grow pretty easily. They produce latex in their leaves, a white milky sap, which is irritating to humans and dogs. The white sap causes rashes and if ingested by dogs could lead to vomiting and irritation of the mouth and the stomach.
Kalanchoes are pretty popular succulents because of their capability to grow fast and bloom. They are also common plants making them easy to find. Their color range from magenta, pink, red, yellow, up to orange. This makes these plants some of the most favorite among gardeners.
But these plants are not safe for dogs. One of its downsides is it’s content cardiac glycosides which are pretty harmful to dogs. It causes abdominal pain, lethargy, salivation increase, diarrhea, and vomiting.
If large amount is ingested by a dog, it could be fatal. It will cause elevated heart rate, irregular heartbeats, severe weakness, and labored breathing.
5. Crassula Ovata (Jade Plant)
Crassula Ovata is a type of succulent that has smooth, shiny, thick, and fleshy leaves. These leaves would grow in opposite pairs. While it is still unknown why this succulent is poisonous to dogs, if ingested it causes incoordination, vomiting, lethargy, and even depression.
6. Senecio Rowleyanus (String of Pearls, String of Peas Plant)
Senecio Rowleyanus is a type of succulent commonly known for its beautiful features. The stems of this succulent are covered with round little pea-like leaves. Another thing why most gardeners love to add or have this succulent in their garden is that these plants produce white and fuzzy flowers that have a cinnamon and vanilla scent in it.
Dogs might probably have mistaken it for food because of its scent. Unfortunately, when ingested may result in drooling, diarrhea, vomiting, and lethargy. The sap can cause skin irritation and dermatitis to humans and dogs.
7. Sago Palm (Cycas Revoluta)
Most people have mistaken sago palm as a palm tree because of its features. But it is actually a succulent. This is famous for beginners in gardening because of its general hardiness.
Sago palms contain the substance cycasin and when ingested by dogs, it attacks the liver. Cycasin poisoning causes the dogs to vomit, an increase in thirst, and liver failure. These symptoms may occur in the duration of 15 minutes up to a few hours after ingestion.
8. Pencil Cactus (Euphorbia Tirucalli)
This succulent is famous for its features. Because of its thorns, dogs learn pretty early not to go near them. However, its thorns aren’t the most harmful but the white sap it produces called latex. Latex causes irritation of the mouth and stomach, and the dogs to vomit.
9. Panda Plant (Philodendron Bipennfolium)
Panda plant is also commonly known as fiddle leaf. This succulent is one of the most common houseplants out there because it only requires easy and little care. This is makes this plant a good starter plant for beginner gardeners.
However, its leaves contain a type of crystal called insoluble calcium oxalates which can be pretty irritating to the tissues. If ingested by dogs, they would have a hard time swallowing, mouth irritation, and vomiting.
10. Kalanchoe Delagoensis (Mother of Millions)
This succulent is also known as Bryophyllum Delagoensis and famous for its capability to grow fast, can multiply anywhere and drought tolerant, hence the name Mother of Millions. One of its amazing features is its seeds which are capable to survive for years even when they are pulled out.
However, Kalanchoe Delagoensis contain a substance called bufadienolide cardiac glycosides. If dogs ingest it in a large amount dogs would suffer from diarrhea, abnormal heart rhythm, vomiting, and irritation of gastrointestinal. But in worst cases, it could lead to death.
11. Crassula Arborescens (Silver Jade Plant)
This succulent is known for their silver dollar features leaves. Its leaves are round and the color of the leaves are silvery-green with reddish edges on it. Up to this day, the toxic substance this succulent has is still unknown. But when dogs ingest it, it causes them to vomit and have nausea.
12. Kalanchoe Daigremontiana (Mother of Thousands)
Kalanchoe Daigremontiana is known for its unusual massive green leaves forming baby plantlets on the edges of the leaves. Some have said that this succulent is unattractive because of these features.
Mother of Thousands can grow fast and can literally grow anywhere. It is also drought tolerant. It has a toxic steroid called daigremontianin which causes the dogs to vomit, collapse, have diarrhea, and to some extent have abnormal heart rate, tremors, and seizures.
The mentioned succulents are just the common toxic plants for dogs. But there are many out there that are not included in this list.
If you have pets at home specially dogs, it is very important to determine the toxicity level of the plants before you plant those succulents in your garden or in the house.
You need to at least familiarize yourself with the succulents you have in your garden, be it indoor or outdoor.
Fortunately, there are many succulent varieties that safe for dogs. Below is the list of pet-friendly or not toxic succulents. You can easily add these succulents to your garden.
1. Opunta Species
2. Aeonium Kiwi
3. Sempervivum (Hens and Chickens)
4. Burro’s Tail
5. Hard Baby Tears
6. Painted Lady (Copper Rose, Maroon Plush Plant)
8. Wax Rosette
9. Plush Plant
10. Christmas Cactus
11. Ghost Plant
12. Maroon Chenille Plant
13. Tree Cactus
14. Mexican Snowballs
15. Mexican Firecrackers
16. Aeonium Arboreum Zwartkop (Black Rose)
17. Sedum Morganianum (Donkey’s Tail, Burro’s Tail, Lamb’s Tail)
18. Beaucarnea Recurvata (Ponytail Palm Tree)
19. Mesembryanthemaceae (Lithops)
Keep your dogs away from poisonous succulents. It is better if you don’t place those toxic succulents indoors to keep you and your pets safe.